The US and much of the western world are majority Christian nations and as such, this forms the basis of a collective morality. Perhaps one of the best known failures of animal testing was the thalidomide tragedy of the 50s and 60s. Firstly, the animal testing is important in scientific and medical field. About 23.7% of animals are used for safety checks, toxicology tests, and quality tests to ensure safety for drugs that come into contact with humans. Stay up to date. Although pro testing campaigners say that the tragedy shows the need for more extensive animal testing of new drugs the reality is that no amount of animal testing could have predicted the effect thalidomide has on human pregnancies. Sadly not all animal testing is as rigorous as human trials. Animal testing is carried out worldwide. Improvements have been made in the field of cosmetics testing as well. Every year millions of vertebrate animals are used for research and experimentation. Animals have to be housed, fed and cared for and financial provision needs to be made for the staff to do this in addition to the costs of the research staff themselves. More than 85% of the studies failed to use procedures such as randomization or blinding in selecting the animals used for the trial and at least 30% of the studies described their methodology or set out their results in a way that measured errors or validity in a verifiable way. Testing on animals is unethical. This was both cruel and distressing and often irrelevant as animals will react differently to some substances than humans. Animal experiments are cruel, unreliable, and even dangerous The harmful use of animals in experiments is not only cruel but also often ineffective. Both basic research and translational and applied research are interconnected. Animals share genes responsible for body structures that later modified in the course of evolution. Viable alternative exists and animal testing is not needed and should be banned. For many industries, animals are disposable assets that they need to use in order to pass certain regulations. We have been able to cure cancer for decades and even stop the progress of HIV, just not in man. And that’s the way of the future. Mouse livers are way different and not good analogs for humans. They are capable of love, joy, sadness and grief and above all, they are capable of suffering. Animal testing in laboratories to produce new drugs for the cure of human diseases is a matter of heated debate. (www. What’s wrong with animal testing? They gave their lives for nothing! The proponents of the ban on animal testing argue that animals are a living creature, who have emotions and feelings just like human beings, as well as right to live. The sad thing is that we can cure many of these diseases in animals. For example, acetylsalicylic acid, the active component of analgesic Aspirin, alleviates pain in both humans and rats but can also result in increased bleeding in both species. Fundamentally, animal testing should not be banned because there are possibilities of future cures being unearthed, the procedure is safe for humans, and the results have been more precise. Gleevec, which is used to treat chronic myelogenous leukemia, would also have been abandoned as it showed adverse effects in five species tested, including dogs, which experienced severe liver damage when exposed to the drug. Support List Land! The British Royal Society, which supports animal experimentation, has argued that virtually all medical achievements in the 20th century have had to rely on the use of animals in some way. Humans and animals also share several diseases, including congenital deformities and arteriosclerosis in rabbits, visual system diseases in cats, and specific forms of blood disorders, cancer, diabetes, and ulcers. These issues are hard to notice within our daily life. Animal experimentation is done to clarify previously unknown life processes and fundamental biological relationships. It is argued by many medical practitioners that numerous medical advances are an outcome of animal experiment (Tilman 53). Do you have a pet? Other species are used to some extent. The U.S. should be a trendsetter, not a trendfollower on this issue.” We have taken the opportunity to list here, in answer to the other list on this site, the 10 reasons why the author of that article is wrong and why animal testing is not only cruel but also inefficient, expensive and dangerous. They are also used to see if there are any side effects in a product, while also making sure they are safe for people to use. 5 Facts To Know About The Future Of Buddhism, Reasons Why Muslims Are The World’s Fastest-growing Religious Group, The Uprising At Sobibor Extermination Camp. About 31.1% of animals in science are used in basic research, while 11.9% are used for translational and applied research, which includes projects that test primary research findings for medical application. Related Discussions . The practice is regulated to varying degrees in different countries. This often stems from lack of bias-reducing measures, poorly planned experiments, inappropriate statistical tests, poor reporting on animal attrition (why animals are dropped from studies) and poor reporting of pain relief in lab animals. The argument is invalid, making it improper to use animals for experiment. Making use of alternatives that are available for animal experimentation is therefore, a better choice. Animal testing is big business, worth over 480 billion Euro in the European Union (and this is only 28% of the world market). Liver toxicity was, however, not detected in human trials. In one well publicized case genetically modified mice were used to test potential cures for ALS (with some success) only for it to be discovered that the researchers had been concentrating on the wrong genetic mutation. It is a very poor return. Animals; Why Animal Testing should be banned? The old testament of the Bible tells us to have regard to the lives of animals. Many animals are abused daily to ensure the safety of cosmetics, medicine, and other products. Tests and experiments on fish have also increased significantly over the years (currently at 9.8%) since the Zebra-fish genome was decoded. They often fail to predict how substances interact with humans leading, sometimes, to tragic results when these products are cleared for clinical testing. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animal testing should be banned because it is cruel. Dogs, for example, have a naturally occurring blood clotting disorder that leads to life-threatening internal bleeding. Is A Ban On Animal Testing For Cosmetics The Need Of The Day? … Some of the drugs with the lowest success rates include cancer drugs (with a 5% approval rate after going through clinical trials), psychiatry drugs (with a 6% success rate), and heart drugs (with a 7% success rate). No matter how much loving pet owners will enjoy anthropomorphizing their pets or how we admire the intelligence of elephants, whales, dolphins and primates it is an unavoidable fact that we are very different and our bodies and minds work in a different way to those of even our closest living relatives. Scientists have used animals to study all sorts of human scourges, not least cancer, for many decades but these diseases still ravage the human population causing pain and distress wherever they appear. It is now possible to use human cell cultures to study drug reactions in vitro (ie in petri dishes and test tubes). Birds and fish are also used for specific experiments. In this essay, I will highlight both sides of the argument giving equal weight to each, in an attempt to address some of the issues arising from this topical subject. The welfare regulations and inspection regime which should (but are not always (see above)) adhered to also add an extra layer of costs. The use of non-predictive animal experiments can lead to human suffering by producing misleading efficacy and safety data. The end result is that an animal trial can cost up to $4 million per tested substance. This is much cheaper than animal testing and much more accurate as it shows how a drug interacts with human as opposed to animal cells. “We have some of the best scientific minds in this country, and they are all working on these amazing alternatives. The drug was used to treat morning sickness in pregnancy but resulted in a worldwide tragedy. Those in opposition to animal testing primarily base their arguments on ethics, morality, and the unreliable nature of using animals as test subjects. You should go research this topic and you decide whether or not animal testing should be banned or not.Report Post LikeReply 6 2 Yes animal testing must be banned ! Vaccination strategies for fatal diseases like bovine tuberculosis, leucosis, and distemper were all developed through animal experimentation. Molecular genetics can prove that all organisms on earth have the same origin. The findings are then used to improve diagnostics and treatment of human diseases and illnesses. Scientists have developed methods of testing products and studying diseases that replace the cruel use of animals. Typically, the studies are designed such that potential patient or target species is the subject of investigation. As you can see from point 10 (above) many animal testing facilities give little care or thought to the way in which animals used for testing are treated. “We should be leading the movement,” says Vicki Katrinak, program manager for animal research issues at the HSUS. Most mammals will need some form of contact, either from a human or from another animal, in order to enjoy their life to the fullest. Animal Testing Should Be Banned Reasons Why Animal Testing Should be Banned The activity of animal testing is of cruelty and sometimes unscientific. Indeed they are such a poor substitute that they often have to be subjected to nasty, painful procedures simply to ensure that they can be used as a subject for the test. More recently in January 2016 a man died in a French drugs trial. This question has always been highly debated and has periodically been in the headlines of tabloid newspapers due to its controversial nature. Banned animal testing. Mice make up 68% of animals used for testing, while rats make up 13% of the total number of animals used for testing. However, animal testing should not be banned for many 1. human life. What this shows us is that animal testing is simply not a good proxy for tests in humans, if that is the case surely it is not ethical to use them, not just because it causes the animals pain and suffering but because substances which appear safe may be authorized for human testing without researchers realizing that they are, in fact, deeply dangerous. While we may, at one stage in our development, not had any choice but use animals as proxies to test the safety of new substances before human trials we no longer need to rely on these old and outdated methods, recent years has seen a step change in the technology available to us rendering animal testing obsolete. Even more exciting developments are in the pipeline including ‘microfluidic chips’, computer chips that are lined with cells to recreate human organs. Therefore, when the experiment works in animals, it is not a guarantee that it also becom… Refinement refers to the improvement of scientific techniques to minimize the pain and suffering of animals used for experiments over their lifetime. Thalidomide is not the only instance of a terrible and tragic failure of animal testing. The California Biomedical Research Association states that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. It explains how tamoxifen, an effective drug for certain types of breast cancer, would have been abandoned if its ability to cause liver tumors in rats was discovered during testing as opposed to after being released to the market. Animal testing is just a waste of money and time because sometimes the test is not useful. Posted By Patrick on 24th August 2017 . Stay up to date. For example, stroke is well understood, yet modeling the disease accurately in animals has proven to be an exercise in futility. Animals do not get many of the human diseases that people do, such as major types of heart disease, many types of cancer, HIV, Parkinson’s disease, or schizophrenia. Ten reasons why we should turn our backs on animal testing. org, 2013) Also a group of scientists tested on animals to see if they got lung cancer from smoking and they didn’t, so is … The blood transfusion and blood groups of animals are incompatible to human blood. Humans have, in the past, been significantly harmed because researchers were misled by the efficacy and safety profile of a new drug based on animal testing. With the advent of powerful processing computers we are able to model the human metabolic system down to the molecular level and use this to establish how drugs and substances interact with human biological systems. Dave is a voracious reader and ferocious writer of top 10 lists. When the reasons were investigated it appeared that the animal tests may not have robust enough, with no blinding or randomization meaning that there was potential for cherry picking of statistical outliers (tests which include no reported randomization are 5 times more likely to render a positive result than those that are conducted against rigorous guidelines). The aim was to avoid animal testing where possible, limit harm caused to animals during testing, and to minimize their number. This is because it is related to ethics of animal life and their welfare in the laboratory system. As candidate drugs go through development and human testing based on animal tests, some drugs are sometimes abandoned due to unsuccessful results during animal testing. Help us create more great content. Animal testing should be banned because it is flawed. Farrukh - February 1, 2018. Companies test products on animals because consumers demand a safe product. There may have been a need for testing in the past but as we have seen in this article new alternatives are now available. Pros Cons There are preferable alternatives to animal testing that are more accurate and humane. Animal testing is a heavily debated topic these days as mankind have killed creatures for years in the name of science and medicine. It would be wrong to test a drug of unknown effect on humans, which is why we test on animals first. Hence, animals have a fundamental moral right to respectful treatment, just like human beings. Share on whatsapp. This is a major concern because if the research is flawed so are the results which can lead to them being invalid. The methods require less manpower for maintenance, are less time consuming, and less costly. The disorder can be treated for hemophilia based on gene therapy developed for humans. In my opinion, animal testing should not be banned because using animals for experiments is cheaper and there is no way to simulate human pregnancy. “We believe animal testing should be banned worldwide as it is extremely cruel and inhumane.” By supporting our work, you are reaching out with caring hands to stop animal abuse. In one famous case animal trials of a potential stroke drug had looked very promising. Alternatives report calls on scientists to end cosmetics tests on animals. Share on twitter. The potential for problems caused by such inaccuracies is clear. Animal testing should be banned because it may cause researchers to believe that dangerous substances are safe. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Animal Testing Should Be Banned: Arguments For And Against, Is Keeping Wild Animals In Zoos Unethical? Russel and Burch introduced the three Rs principle in 1959 as a guide for animal experimentation. Asbestos causes lung cancer in both humans and rats. Animal testing is necessary for medical development. Animals should have a right to do whatever they want instead of being stuck inside a laboratory and … Are Former Soviet Member Countries More Religious Today? Over 10,000 babies were born with heartbreaking defects, mostly a malformation and underdevelopment of their limbs and many others miscarried or were stillborn. The use of animals for experiments is a controversial issue that is acknowledged by the scientific community. 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