The party overtook its nationalist rival, the Social Democratic and Labour Party, as the largest nationalist party in the local elections and UK general election of 2001, winning four Westminster seats to the SDLP's three.  In the snap election eight months later caused by the resignation of McGuinness as deputy First Minister, however, the party surged, winning 27.9% of the popular vote to 28.1% for the DUP, and 27 seats to the DUP's 28 in an Assembly reduced by 18 seats.  It changed its name in 1977 to "Sinn Féin – The Workers' Party", and in 1982 to "The Workers' Party". When the motion was put to the Ard Fheis, it failed to achieve the necessary two-thirds majority.  Similarly, Tom Kettle wrote in 1908: '"Sinn Fein" ... is the Irish for "Ourselves." (ˈʃɪn ˈfeːn ) noun. Sinn Féin, which operates in both Ireland and Northern Ireland, is a left-wing, nationalist, populist, republican (in the sense that it favors uniting the Irish people under one republic) party. Republicans opposed to the direction taken by Sinn Féin in the peace process formed the 32 County Sovereignty Movement in the late 1990s.  At the 1955 United Kingdom general election, two Sinn Féin candidates were elected to Westminster, but the party's vote decreased at the following election in 1959, during the IRA's Border Campaign. (shĭn fān′, fĕ′ĭn) n. An Irish political and cultural society founded about 1905 to promote political and economic independence from England, unification of Ireland, and a renewal of Irish culture. , In the 2011 Irish general election the party made significant gains. The Sinn Féin TD says his record of campaiging on LGBTQ+ rights stands, and the meaning of the post had been 'twisted'. , In James Joyce's novel Ulysses, set in 1904, The Citizen, a boorish nationalist partly modelled on Michael Cusack, shouts "Sinn Féin!  Vice-President and de facto leader Mary MacSwiney announced that the party simply did not have the funds to contest the second election called that year, declaring "no true Irish citizen can vote for any of the other parties". We will reduce the cost of childcare. , This was the origin of what became known as the Armalite and ballot box strategy. The name is Irish for "ourselves" or "we ourselves", although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone". Left Sinn Féin and formed Republican Sinn Féin in 1986. It is not in favour of the extension of legalised abortion (British 1967 Act) to Northern Ireland, Sinn Féin state they are opposed to the attitudes in society which "pressurise women" to have abortions and "criminalise" women who make this decision. When his motion was defeated, de Valera resigned from Sinn Féin; on 16 May 1926, he founded his own party, Fianna Fáil, which was dedicated to republicanising the Free State from within its political structures.  There was opposition to this decision within Sinn Féin, and some members left, including elected representatives.  De Valera's resignation meant also the loss of financial support from America. In the Oireachtas (the parliament of the Republic of Ireland), Sinn Féin currently sits as the main opposition and the second largest party having won the largest share of first-preference votes at the 2020 Irish general election. Sinn Féin’s budget priorities focus on how we rebuild our economy and our public services after this crisis while supporting families, workers and small businesses to get through this difficult period. At the general election in 2007 the party had expectations of substantial gains, with poll predictions that they would gain five to ten seats. , The party began a reappraisal of the policy of abstention from the Dáil. An Irish political and cultural society founded about 1905 to promote political and economic independence from England, unification of Ireland, and a renewal of Irish culture. Sinn Fein (shĭn fān′, fĕ′ĭn) n. An Irish political and cultural society founded about 1905 to promote political and economic independence from England, unification of Ireland, and a renewal of Irish culture. It opposes an EU constitution because it would reduce the sovereignty of the member-states.  Thereafter, both support and membership fell. Sinn Féin's main political goal is a united Ireland. , On 26 November 2010, Pearse Doherty won a seat in the Donegal South-West by-election. Sinn Féin (/ ˌ ʃ ɪ n ˈ f ɛ ɪ n / shin-FAYN; Irish: [ʃɪnʲ fʲeːnʲ]) is a left wing, Irish republican political party in Ireland.The name is Irish for "ourselves" or "we ourselves",   although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone". Sinn Féin members have been referred to colloquially as "Shinners", a term intended as a pejorative.  It ran seven candidates in the Seanad election, all of whom were successful. Immediately after the June 2017 UK general election, where the Conservatives won 49% of seats but not an overall majority, so that non-mainstream parties could have significant influence, Gerry Adams announced for Sinn Féin that their elected MPs would continue the policy of not swearing allegiance to the Queen, as would be required for them to take their seats in the Westminster Parliament. The IRA were widely blamed for the robbery although Sinn Féin denied this and stated that party officials had not known of the robbery nor sanctioned it.  After negotiations with the left-wing Independent TDs Finian McGrath and Maureen O'Sullivan, a Technical Group was formed in the Dáil to give its members more speaking time. This undermined confidence among unionists about the sincerity of republicans towards reaching agreement. In addition to winning long-targeted seats such as Dublin Central and Dublin North-West, the party gained unexpected seats in Cork East and Sligo–North Leitrim. Adams was a savvy strategist but limited the party’s expansion. In the 2014 election, Martina Anderson topped the poll in Northern Ireland, as did Lynn Boylan in Dublin. A collection was published in 1845 of poems printed in The Nation, the nationalist newspaper of the Young Irelanders. Local government in the Republic of Ireland, Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution of Ireland, Twenty-eighth Amendment of the Constitution Bill 2008, 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Irish Minister for Justice, Equality and Law Reform, United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland, Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Executive of the 6th Northern Ireland Assembly, Deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, Children, Equality, Disability, Integration and Youth, Community and Rural Development and the Islands, List of political parties in Northern Ireland, "General election 2019: A simple guide to Sinn Féin", "Ireland: The Rise of Populism on the Left and among Independents", "Irish PM's pro-EU party ahead in European vote, polls suggest", "Journalism Norms and the Absence of Media Populism in the Irish General Election 2016", "Shinners are like the Fianna Fáil of old", "The Shinners have been housecleaning again", "NATIONAL COALITION PANEL JOINT STATEMENT.  Fianna Fáil came to power at the 1932 general election (to begin what would be an unbroken 16-year spell in government) and went on to long dominate politics in the independent Irish state. Sinn Féin (/ʃɪn ˈfeɪn/ shin FAYN, Irish: [ʃɪnʲ ˈfʲeːnʲ]; English: "[We] Ourselves") is an Irish republican and democratic socialist political party active in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland. We will stop the pension age increase to 67 and will return it to 65.  The party launched its platform, Éire Nua ("a New Ireland") at the 1971 Ard Fheis.  In the revolutionary period the future national flag and national anthem were dubbed the "Sinn Féin flag" and "Sinn Féin anthem" not only by unionists but also by IPP supporters, who favoured the green flag with gold harp and "God Save Ireland". , The October 2015 Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland concluded that the Provisional IRA still existed "in a much reduced form", and that some IRA members believed its Army Council oversaw both the IRA and Sinn Féin, although it believed that the leadership "remains committed to the peace process and its aim of achieving a united Ireland by political means".. The Executive attempted to circumvent this by introducing a motion in support of IRA policy, at which point the dissenting delegates walked out of the meeting. ", Past links with Republican paramilitaries, "Provisional Sinn Féin", in W.D. In the 1918 general election, Sinn Féin won 73 of Ireland's 105 seats, and in January 1919, its MPs assembled in Dublin and proclaimed themselves Dáil Éireann, the parliament of Ireland. They were manned by Sinn Féin, which had been legalised the previous year by Merlyn Rees, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.  By 1985 it had fifty-nine seats on seventeen of the twenty-six Northern Ireland councils, including seven on Belfast City Council. Sinn Féin then joined the talks, but the Conservative government under John Major soon came to depend on unionist votes to remain in power. It now constitutes the political branch of the Irish Republican Army.  Sinn Féin opposes the United States embargo against Cuba and has called for a normalization of relations between the two countries. Sinn Féin increased its share of the nationalist vote in the 2003, 2007, and 2011 Assembly elections, with Martin McGuinness, former Minister for Education, taking the post of deputy First Minister in the Northern Ireland power-sharing Executive Committee. In the aftermath of the row over the robbery, a further controversy erupted when, on RTÉ's Questions and Answers programme, the chairman of Sinn Féin, Mitchel McLaughlin, insisted that the IRA's controversial killing of a mother of ten young children, Jean McConville, in the early 1970s though "wrong", was not a crime, as it had taken place in the context of the political conflict. Sinn Féin in British English.  McDonald has made clear that as president of Sinn Féin, her ambition is to be in government north and south – and is willing to work in coalition as the major or minor party of government in the southern jurisdiction, a shift in policy compared to Adams' ambition to govern as a minority government in the Oireachtas. Sinn Féin wird jede Maßnahme befürworten, die zur Unterstützung solcher Inseln beiträgt. Flackes & Sydney Elliott (1994).  In the South constituency their candidate, Councillor Toiréasa Ferris, managed to nearly double the number of first preference votes, lying third after the first count, but failed to get enough transfers to win a seat. The Mid Ulster MLA said: "Sinn Fein's position remains that the victims' pension should be available for all victims who have suffered severe physical and psychological injury as a result of the conflict. Ó Brádaigh and about twenty other delegates walked out, and met in a Dublin hotel with hundreds of supporters to re-organise as Republican Sinn Féin. [Irish Gaelic sinn féin : sinn…  Gerry Adams won the Belfast West constituency, and Danny Morrison fell only 78 votes short of victory in Mid Ulster. This is not an attempt to defend Sinn Féin’s politics or abstentionist practises, but it is a fact of life that Sinn Féin’s political priority is a re-unification border poll. , The party expelled Denis Donaldson, a party official, in December 2005, with him stating publicly that he had been in the employ of the British government as an agent since the 1980s. While this was partly due to an electoral pact between unionist candidates, the SF vote fell in the four constituencies they contested.. When the Irish Volunteers split in September 1914, the more militant group was soon dubbed the "Sinn Féin Volunteers" by the security forces of the Dublin Castle administration. This led first to the blanket protest, and then to the dirty protest. "', The glossary at the end of the volume renders sinn féin as "we ourselves".  On the other hand, Alvin Jackson says "ourselves alone" may have been a construct of opponents to highlight the political isolation of those using the slogan, or the perceived selfishness of abandoning Britain, as in this Punch parody from the First World War:, Christopher Hitchens, writing of the Field Day anthology of Irish literature, says:. : Sinn Féin will support any measures which contribute to the support of such islands. Our priorities will be building of homes, fixing of the health service and delivering a fair economic recovery. Sinn Féin was the party of separatism before Irish independence, and broke through in the Westminster election of 1918, where it won 73 of the 105 Irish seats. , Sinn Féin made a breakthrough in the Dublin constituency in 2004. Sinn Féin spokesperson on Education, Donnchadh Ó Laoghaire TD, has called for alternatives to be put in place for this year's Leaving Cert students. "we are all one here! Agnès Maillot, New Sinn Féin: Irish Republicanism in the Twenty-First Century p 131. , In the 2004 European Parliament election, Bairbre de Brún won Sinn Féin's first seat in the European Parliament, at the expense of the SDLP. Sinn Féin is the largest Irish republican political party, and was historically associated with the IRA, while also having been associated with the Provisional IRA in the party's modern incarnation. Éire Nua was dropped in 1982, and the following year Ó Brádaigh stepped down as president, and was replaced by Adams.  Danny Morrison expressed the mood at the 1981 Ard Fheis when he said: Who here really believes we can win the war through the ballot box? On 11 January, the proposal to end abstentionism and take seats, if elected, in the Dáil, the Parliament of Northern Ireland and the Parliament of the United Kingdom was put before the members at the party's Ard Fheis. This angered more traditional republicans, who wanted to stick to the national question and armed struggle. The Ard Chomhairle can co-opt eight members for specific posts and additional members can be co-opted, if necessary, to ensure that at least thirty per cent of Ard Chomhairle members are women. Paul Donnelly, TD, Sinn Féin Spokesperson on Rural and Community Development. The most well-known opponent was former IRA prisoner Gerry McGeough, who stood in the 2007 Assembly election against Sinn Féin in the constituency of Fermanagh and South Tyrone, as an Independent Republican. Sinn Féin pledged to be a strong opposition to the new coalition.  After the Rising, republicans came together under the banner of Sinn Féin, and at the 1917 Ard Fheis the party committed itself for the first time to the establishment of an Irish Republic. Ruth Dudley Edwards and Bridget Hourican. As the "Officials" dropped all mention of Sinn Féin from their name in 1982–instead calling themselves the Workers' Party of Ireland–the term "Provisional Sinn Féin" has fallen out of use, and the party is now known simply as "Sinn Féin".  In 2016, the Sinn Féin party president, Gerry Adams was invited by the Cuban government to attend the state funeral of Fidel Castro whom Adams described as a 'freedom fighter' and a 'friend of Ireland's struggle'.  Sinn Féin was on the same side of the debate as the DUP and most of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) in that they wanted to pull out when UK had its referendum in 1975. The party's candidate, Mary Lou McDonald, was elected on the sixth count as one of four MEPs for Dublin. , In March 2005, Mitchell Reiss, the United States Special Envoy for Northern Ireland, condemned the party's links to the IRA, saying "it is hard to understand how a European country in the year 2005 can have a private army associated with a political party". a political movement, founded in 1905, that campaigns for a united republican Ireland; following a split in the 1920s it functioned as the political wing of the IRA; it sends representatives to both the Northern Ireland Assembly in Belfast and the Dáil in Dublin, but its MPs elected to Westminster do not take up their seats.  Others who opposed this development left to found the Republican Network for Unity. It now constitutes the political branch of the Irish Republican Army. At the 1910 Ard Fheis (party conference) the attendance was poor, and there was difficulty finding members willing to take seats on the executive. The party supported the Irish Republican Army during the War of Independence, and members of the Dáil government negotiated the Anglo-Irish Treaty with the British government in 1921.  Robert White states at that time Sinn Fein was the junior partner in the relationship with the IRA, and they were separate organisations despite there being some overlapping membership.  By then, however, the label "Provisional" or "Provo" was already being applied to them by the media.  In April 2009, the Real IRA released a statement taking responsibility for the killing. The name is an assertion of Irish national sovereignty and self-determination; i.e., the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain under the Westminster Parliament.  The withdrawal of the DUP party whip from Jim Wells in May 2018 meant that Sinn Féin became the joint-largest party in the Assembly alongside the DUP, with 27 seats each. muid féin, muidne féin, sinne féin Find more words! : Sinn Féin und die Gewerkschaftsbewegung unterstützen die Entscheidung, in Irland keine Übergangsregelungen einzuführen. Sinn Féin amháin!" While advocating Irish national self-reliance, its precise political meaning was undefined, variously interpreted as the aim of a separate Irish republic or (as advocated by Arthur Griffith) that of a dual monarchy.  Three IRA men were expelled from the organisation, and a man was charged with McCartney's murder. , Sinn Féin support a policy of "critical engagement with the EU", and have a "principled opposition" to a European superstate. , In 1914, Sinn Féin members, including Griffith, joined the anti-Redmond Irish Volunteers, which was referred to by Redmondites and others as the "Sinn Féin Volunteers". , Sinn Féin is organised throughout Ireland, and membership is open to all Irish residents over the age of 16.  The name is an assertion of Irish national sovereignty and self-determination; i.e., the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain under the Westminster Parliament. At the 1983 Ard Fheis the constitution was amended to remove the ban on the discussion of abstentionism to allow Sinn Féin to run a candidate in the forthcoming European elections.  Sinn Féin succeeded in winning 59 seats in the 1985 local government elections, after it had predicted winning only 40 seats. The party is organised hierarchically into cumainn (branches), comhairle ceantair (district executives), and cúigí (regional executives). Donaldson told reporters that the British security agencies who employed him were behind the collapse of the Assembly and set up Sinn Féin to take the blame for it, a claim disputed by the British government. Alex Maskey, a former Sinn Féin Lord Mayor of Belfast, was told by relatives of McCartney to "hand over the 12" IRA members involved. – Dáil Éireann (2nd Dáil) – Saturday, 20 May 1922 – Houses of the Oireachtas", "1916 Easter Rising – Profiles: Sinn Féin", "Ruairi O Bradaigh: IRA leader who believed fervently in armed struggle", "Real IRA claims responsibility for 2006 murder of Denis Donaldson", "Sinn Féin 'must show visible support for policing, "Former IRA prisoner to stand against SF", "Gerry Adams confirms Sinn Féin will not swear allegiance to the Queen to take Westminster seats", "Sinn Féin loses 13 public representatives over bullying claims", McDonald succeeds Adams as President of Sinn Féin, Mary Lou McDonald succeeds Gerry Adams as Sinn Féin leader, Mary Lou sets out her SF agenda: ‘Opportunities for all, not just the few’, "Northern Ireland's Deputy First Minister calls for poll on united Ireland after Brexit", "Irish reunification 'on the table', says Sinn Fein's new leader amid Brexit talks", "Irish government allegations about IRA army council", "Press Briefing: 3.45pm Monday 21 February 2005", "Bank raid allegations put peace at risk", "Fourth report of the Independent Monitoring Commission", "Adams challenges Ahern to have him arrested", "McDowell: These men are leaders of the IRA", "Give up killers, people's protest tells IRA", "How pub brawl turned into republican crisis", "Sinn Féin must prove it supports the rule of law", "Sinn Féin chief says IRA may cease to exist", "Assessment on paramilitary groups in Northern Ireland", "Sinn Féin on the Assembly debate on Abortion", "Sinn Féin drops opposition to abortion at Derry congress", "Sinn Féin wants to Repeal the Eighth but avoids saying 'abortion, "Societal Responses to the Post-2008 Economic Crisis among South European and Irish Radical Left Parties: Continuity or Change and Why?  A similar motion had been adopted at an IRA convention the previous month, leading to the formation of a Provisional Army Council by Mac Stíofáin and other members opposed to the leadership. In the 1890s "Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin amháin" was the slogan of the Gaelic League, which advocated the revival of the Irish language.  In the 2009 election, when Dublin's representation was reduced to three MEPs, she failed to hold her seat. In the Irish general election the same year the party won its first seat since 1957, with Caoimhghín Ó Caoláin gaining a seat in the Cavan–Monaghan constituency. In the 1983 UK general election eight months later, Sinn Féin increased its support, breaking the six-figure vote barrier in Northern Ireland for the first time by polling 102,701 votes (13.4%). A split in January 1970, mirroring a split in the IRA, led to the emergence of two groups calling themselves Sinn Féin.  In particular, Ó Brádaigh's part in the 1975 IRA ceasefire had damaged his reputation in the eyes of northern republicans.. The prisoners' protest climaxed with the 1981 hunger strike, during which striker Bobby Sands was elected Member of Parliament for Fermanagh and South Tyrone as an Anti H-Block candidate.  The distinction between the specific party and the broader slogan of radical nationalism was finally blurred in 1917, when Griffith yielded leadership of the party to Éamon de Valera, the senior surviving leader of the Rising. The party went on to win three seats in the Seanad election which followed their success at the general election.  However, three of Sinn Féin's seven representatives on Dublin City Council resigned within six months of the June 2009 elections, one of them defecting to the Labour Party. Sinn Féin are pro-immigration on the basis of filling up vacancies in employment, if the system can properly integrate them and resource it, the party also believes in faster application processing times for refugees.  Its initial political platform was both conservative and monarchist, advocating for an Anglo-Irish dual monarchy unified with the British Crown (inspired by the Austro-Hungarian Compromise). , The British government stated in 2005 that "we had always said all the way through we believed that Sinn Féin and the IRA were inextricably linked and that had obvious implications at leadership level". Liadh Ní Riada was elected in the South constituency, and Matt Carthy in Midlands–North-West. , The Ard Chomhairle also oversees the operation of various departments of Sinn Féin, viz Administration, Finance, National Organiser, Campaigns, Sinn Féin Republican Youth, Women's Forum, Culture, Publicity and International Affairs. The Bush Administration did not invite Sinn Féin or any other Northern Irish political party to the annual St Patrick’s Day celebrations at the White House, choosing instead to invite the family of Robert McCartney. Sir Warren Fisher was sent by the UK government in 1920 to report on the Dublin Castle administration; in his highly critical report, he stated:, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (, "Arthur Griffith and the development of Sinn Féin", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sinn_Féin_(slogan)&oldid=999594657, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 00:13. Government and newspapers dubbed the Rising "the Sinn Féin Rising". The relevant parties to these talks were given a deadline of 24 November 2006 to decide upon whether or not they would ultimately form the executive.. In its propagandist use, it simply means "Rely on yourself alone" ... a sound, if not very startling, principle'.  This has led political commentators to define the party as soft Eurosceptic since the 21st century..  Senator Ted Kennedy, a regular sponsor of Gerry Adams' visits to the US during the peace process, also refused to meet Adams and hosted the McCartney family instead. Conservatives and unionists put down amendments to have the Sinn Féin MPs evicted from their offices at the House of Commons but these were defeated. On 10 February 2018, Mary Lou McDonald was announced as the new president of Sinn Féin at a special Ard Fheis in Dublin. McCarthy, uses the expression "Sinn Féin". Sinn Féin returned to Northern Ireland elections at the 1982 Assembly elections, winning five seats with 64,191 votes (10.1%). It subsequently became a focus for various forms of Irish nationalism, especially Irish republicanism. The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "Ourselves" or "We Ourselves", although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone" (from "Sinn Féin Amháin", an early-20th-century slogan). , A republican document of the early 1980s stated: "Both Sinn Féin and the IRA play different but converging roles in the war of national liberation. The phrase "Sinn Féin" is Irish for "Ourselves" or "We Ourselves", although it is frequently mistranslated as "ourselves alone" (from "Sinn Féin Amháin", an early-20th-century slogan). Most of the party's policies are intended to be implemented on an "all-Ireland" basis which further emphasises their central aim of creating a united Ireland. ) Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin members continued to boycott the Dáil. Due to poor results in the 2019 local elections and elections to the European Parliament, the party ran only 42 candidates and did not compete in Cork North-West.  It includes a poem entitled Ourselves Alone by "Sliabh Cuilinn" (John O'Hagan):, Another poem in the same volume, The Spirit of the Nation by D.F.  The party failed to gain any seats in the 1986 by-elections caused by the resignation of unionist MPs in protest at the Anglo-Irish Agreement.  A Sinn Féin organiser of the time in Belfast described the party's role as "agitation and publicity".  He polled 1.8% of the vote. It suspended Sinn Féin from the talks, and began to insist that the IRA decommission all of their weapons before Sinn Féin be re-admitted to the talks; this led to the IRA calling off its ceasefire.  Because of the timing of the robbery, it is considered that the plans for the robbery must have been laid whilst Sinn Féin was engaged in talks about a possible peace settlement. " When English-speakers adopted the slogan, the most common gloss was "ourselves alone", which was also used as a political slogan; it is unclear whether the English or Irish version came first.  The party aims to eradicate poverty. By the beginning of 1985, Sinn Féin had won its first representation on local councils, owing to three by-election wins in Omagh (Seamus Kerr, May 1983) and Belfast (Alex Maskey in June 1983 and Sean McKnight in March 1984). , In 2017 and 2018 there were allegations of bullying within the party, leading to a number of resignations and expulsions of elected members.. In the 1987 general election, Gerry Adams held his Belfast West seat, but the party failed to make breakthroughs elsewhere and overall polled 83,389 votes (11.4%).  Likewise, the 1916 Easter Rising was quickly dubbed the "Sinn Féin rebellion" by British-oriented newspapers. , Tentative negotiations between Sinn Féin and the British government led to more substantive discussions with the SDLP in the 1990s.  These members reconvened at Kevin Barry Hall in Parnell Square, where they appointed a Caretaker Executive with Ruairí Ó Brádaigh as chairman.  All members of the party's National Council were interned after the Rising. This was the first time since elections began in 1979 that the DUP failed to take the first seat, and was the first occasion Sinn Féin topped a poll in any Northern Ireland election. Learn more.  In Fermanagh and South Tyrone, Unionist parties agreed a joint candidate, this resulted in the closest contest of the election, with Sinn Féin MP Michelle Gildernew holding her seat by 4 votes after 3 recounts and an election petition challenging the result.
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