Numerous stem cell populations have been identified in skin and current research indicates that these cells play a vital role in skin development, repair, and homeostasis [1, 6, 7]. In adults, stem cells are responsible for the repair of damaged tissues, and the replacement and regeneration of tissues that turn over rapidly, such as the skin, blood or the lining of the intestine. Abstract. Recent evidence suggests that most, if not all tissues may contain stem cells with the potential to repair damaged tissue. Now that we’ve covered plant stem cells, let’s dive right into the nitty-gritty and talk human stem cells. New research from Northwestern University has found new evidence deep within the skin about the mechanisms controlling skin repair and renewal. Regenerative medicine deals with the "process of replacing, engineering or regenerating human or animal cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function". At present, no consensus has been reached regarding the type, density, and function of skin stem cells. Fu X(1), Li H. Author information: (1)Wound Healing and Cell Biology Laboratory, Institute of Basic Medical Science, Trauma Center of Postgraduate Medical College, General Hospital of PLA, 28 Fu Xing Road, Beijing 100853, PR China. Radiation causes intestinal injury, as occurs in abdominal and pelvic tumor radiotherapy. The intensive research aiming at curing Parkinson's disease with stem cells is a good example for the various strategies, successful results, and remaining challenges of stem cell-based brain repair. ... of skin regeneration. Since they are responsible for all cell replacement within a tissue, they are essential for tissue repair, wound healing and regeneration. An important role of stem cells is to repair and maintain the damaged tissues. The efficacy of stem cells in skin care depends on who you ask. In this article, Hua and colleagues show that Bach2 deficiency promotes intestinal epithelial regeneration by accelerating DNA repair in ISCs, resulting in a reduction in mortality during radiation-induced intestine injury. Stem cells and stem cell activators are one of the most advanced methods used for cellular repair and regeneration. Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder of motor control that affects roughly 2% of … First, because of their role in development and their potential to develop into many different cells types, stem cells are vital to the field of developmental biology. The strong repair and regenerative abilities of skin is inextricably related to the presence of stem cells. Epithelial stem cells help protect the body from infection and dehydration via renewal and regeneration of the skin. In contrast, the skin features stem cell–generated epithelia required for barrier formation and tissue repair, making it a useful model to study the role of the clock in adult stem cells and regeneration, clock functions that we know little about. ... mechanisms involving introns to govern the switch between a skin stem cell … Here, we investigate such a phenomenon in skin, where during homeostasis, stem cells of the epidermis and hair follicle fuel their respective tissues. The difficulty in regenerating damaged myocardial tissue has led researchers to explore the application of embryonic and adult-derived stem cells for cardiac repair. Stem Cell Therapy for Corneal Regeneration- Sight is the most important aspect of everyone’s life as we are able to steer through our surroundings with ease with the help of our eyes. Stem cell-based therapy, with unique advantages, is emerging as a promising candidate for wound healing and skin regeneration [5, 6]. 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